Monthly Archives: July 2016

Tulipa ‘China Lady’ (14)


Tulipa are bulbous perennials with characteristic flowers, in a wide range of colours, in spring

Greigii Group tulips have large, single, bowl-shaped flowers in the range yellow to red, often with contrasting margins, and flower in early and mid-spring; the grey-green leaves are usually mottled with purple or maroon

‘China Lady’ is a dwarf bulbous perennial to 15cm, with broadly lance-shaped leaves striped with purple, and solitary cream flowers 10cm in width, broadly striped with coral pink outside; inside with a vivid orange blotch

Common Name: tulip ‘China Lady’
Family: Liliaceae
Color flower: Cream, Orange and Dark Pink in Spring
Hardiness: old H4 (hardy)
Color foliage: Green and Purple in Spring
Height: 0.1-0.5 metres
Habit: Columnar/Upright
Habit: Can be damaged by slugs, aphids and stem and bulb eelworm; squirrels may eat the bulbs
Pruning: Deadhead after flowering
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Plant 10 to 15cm deep in fertile, well-drained soil. Protect from excessive wet and shelter from strong winds
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Cut Flowers, Garden Edging or Patio/Container Plants

Echinopsis backebergii subsp. backebergii


Echinopsis can have spherical or cylindrical, heavily ribbed and spiny stems, with funnel-shaped flowers in spring or summer

E. backebergii subsp. backebergii is a cactus with solitary or clustered, deeply ribbed, globose stems to 5cm across, bearing brown to grey spines; flowers up to 9cm across, carmine-red to violet with a paler centre

Common Name: Backeberg echinopsis
Family: Cactaceae
Color flower: Purple and Red in Spring and Summer
Hardiness: old H1 (requires heated greenhouse/indoors)
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Susceptible to mealybugs
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a loam-based potting compost with added extra grit. Water moderately when in growth, sparingly when dormant. Apply a balanced liquid fertiliser 2 or 3 times in the growing season
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Cardamine pratensis ‘Flore Pleno’ (d)


Cardamine are herbaceous perennials with simple, palmately or pinnately divided leaves and short racemes of 4-petalled white, yellow, pink or purplish flowers in spring or summer

‘Flore Pleno’ has a rosette of basal leaves divided into several pairs of rounded segments, and erect stems bearing several pale pink, double flowers in spring and early summer

Common Name: double cuckoo flower
Family: Brassicaceae
Color flower: Pale Pink in Spring and Summer
Hardiness: old H4 (hardy)
Color foliage: Green in Spring and Summer
Height: 0.1-0.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Aphids and flea beetles may damage the leaves
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in humus-rich moist soil in full or partial shade
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Wildflower meadow

Cyclamen rhodium


Cyclamen are tuberous perennials with rounded, sometimes angular, leaves which are often attractively mottled. The nodding, characteristically shaped flowers have 5 reflexed and twisted petals, often with dark markings at the base

C. rhodium is a small tuberous plant with rounded leaves speckled with grey-green, and scented rosy-pink flowers, darker at the mouth, opening in late spring

Common Name: Peloponnesian cyclamen
Family: Primulaceae
Color flower: Dark Pink in Spring
Hardiness: old H2-3 (intermediate between H2 and H3)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Mice or squirrels may be a problem; prone to red spider mites, vine weevil and cyclamen mite
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil in part shade, under trees or shrubs, to avoid excessive summer moisture. Mulch annually with leaf mould as leaves wither; in areas with prolonged frost provide a deep, loose mulch
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Gravel Garden, Patio/Container Plants, Rock Garden or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs

Crocus angustifolius AGM


Crocus are dwarf, deciduous perennials growing from a corm, with linear leaves usually with a silvery central stripe, and goblet-shaped, sometimes fragrant flowers in autumn or early spring

C. angustifolius is a perennial corm with narrow leaves and scented, bright deep yellow flowers, strongly feathered with dark mahogany on the outside

Common Name: cloth-of-gold crocus
Family: Iridaceae
Color flower: Orange, Yellow and Dark Brown in Spring
Hardiness: H5 (hardy – cold winter)
Color foliage: Green in Spring
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Tufted
Habit: Corms are vulnerable to mice, voles and squirrels
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in a gritty, poor to moderately fertile soil. Prefers to be on the dry side during dormancy
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Flower borders and beds, Gravel Garden, Patio/Container Plants or Rock Garden

Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ AGM


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

‘Mops’ is a slow-growing evergreen conifer making a medium-sized shrub of bushy, rounded habit, with slender, paired dark green needles up to 3cm in length

Common Name: dwarf mountain pine ‘Mops’
Family: Pinaceae
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 20-50 years
Exposure: Grow in any well-drained soil. Looks good in a large rock garden
Garden characteristics: Drought Resistant, Architectural, Low Maintenance, Rock Garden or Coastal

Helianthus annuus ‘Pastiche’


Helianthus can be tall, erect annuals, tuberous or rhizomatous perennials, with coarse simple leaves and large daisy-like flower-heads

‘Pastiche’ is a branching annual with single, dark-centred flowers 8-15cm across, in shades of light and deep yellow, orange-red and mahogany

Common Name: sunflower ‘Pastiche’
Family: Asteraceae
Color flower: Brown, Orange, Red and Yellow in Summer
Hardiness: old H4 (hardy)
Color foliage: Green in Spring and Summer
Height: 1-1.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Can get slugs and snails
Pruning: Cut back after flowering
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Grow in moderately fertile, neutral to alkaline, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Cut Flowers or Wildflower meadow

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra ‘Benzinggold’ AGM


Heliopsis are robust perennials with stiff, erect stems; opposite, lance-shaped leaves and showy rich yellow to orange flowers similar to sunflowers

‘Benzinggold’ is an erect perennial with bright yellow flowers from mid-summer to early autumn

Common Name: North American ox-eye ‘Benzinggold’
Family: Asteraceae
Color flower: Yellow in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: H5 (hardy – cold winter)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 1-1.5 metres
Habit: Columnar/Upright
Habit: Prone to slugs
Pruning: Deadhead to prolong flowering
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in full sun. May need support
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Cut Flowers, Wildlife Gardens or Prairie Planting