Monthly Archives: October 2015

Helleborus lividus


Helleborus can be rhizomatous, herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials forming a clump of pedate basal leaves, or evergreen with erect, leafy stems. Large, bowl-shaped flowers are borne in loose clusters in late winter or spring

H. lividus is an evergreen perennial to 45cm with biennial stems bearing leaves composed of three bluish-green marbled leaflets. Nodding, pale pinkish-green flowers 3-5cm in width are borne in open clusters from mid winter

Common Name: blue-grey hellebore
Family: Ranunculaceae
Color flower: Pink and Pale Green in Winter
Hardiness: old H2-3 (intermediate between H2 and H3)
Color foliage: Blue and Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.1-0.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Hellebore aphid and snails may be a problem
Pruning: Remove faded or damaged foliage as the flowers appear
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in neutral to alkaline soil in dappled shade. In frost-prone areas, best grown in a cold greenhouse
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Low Maintenance, Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs or Wildflower meadow

Petunia Charlie’s Angels Champagne ‘Caschamp’ (Charlie’s Angels Series)


Petunia can be annuals or perennials, with simple leaves and large, solitary, trumpet-shaped flowers in the upper leaf axils from late spring to autumnCharlie’s Angels Champagne is a trailing annual to 45cm tall, compact in growth, with vivid red-purple flowers 7cm wide from early summer to late autumn
Common Name: petunia Charlie’s Angels Champagne
Family: Solanaceae
Color flower: Purple in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: old H3 (may need winter protection)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 0.1-0.5 metres
Habit: Trailing
Habit: Can get aphids, slugs and snails
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1 year
Exposure: A sunny, sheltered site is essential for the best flowers, this variety works well as carpet ground cover if the soil is well-drained
Garden characteristics: Banks and Slopes, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Garden Edging, Gravel Garden or Patio/Container Plants

Iris cristata


Iris may be rhizomatous or bulbous perennials, with narrowly leaves and erect stems bearing flowers with 3 large spreading or pendent fall petals, alternating with 3 erect, often smaller, standard petals, in late winter, spring or early summer

I. cristata is a rhizomatous perennial to 10cm, forming a mat of fans of bright green leaves, with stemless light violet-blue flowers 3-4cm in width, with a conspicuous white patch and narrow orange crest on each fall

Common Name: dwarf crested iris
Family: Iridaceae
Color flower: Orange, White and Pale Blue in Spring
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Green in Spring and Summer
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Mat forming
Habit: May be attacked by slugs and snails
Pruning: Remove any dying foliage in autumn, old flower stems can be cut down after flowering
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in moist, humus-rich soil in full sun or partial shade. Or grow in a container under glass, keep just moist during dormancy
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Wall-side Borders, Rock Garden or Patio/Container Plants

Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Golden Mop’


Chamaecyparis are evergreen trees, usually of narrowly ovoid or columnar outline, with much-branched sprays of small scale-like leaves, and small, globose cones; tiny red male cones are conspicuous in a few cultivars

‘Golden Mop’ is an evergreen dwarf conifer making a small, rounded shrub. Foliage golden-yellow, cord-like in short sprays

Common Name: sawara cypress ‘Golden Mop’
Family: Cupressaceae
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Yellow in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Aphids may be a problem
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grows well in moist but well-drained soil. Tolerant of chalk soils but prefers slightly acidic soil. Can scorch
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Gravel Garden, Low Maintenance, Patio/Container Plants or Rock Garden

Abies nordmanniana ‘Golden Spreader’ AGM


Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree

‘Golden Spreader’ is a slow-growing evergreen conifer making a small shrub of spreading, bushy growth, wider than tall. Foliage bright golden-yellow, particularly in winter

Common Name: Caucasian fir ‘Golden Spreader’
Family: Pinaceae
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Yellow in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: East-facing
Time to ultimate height: 20-50 years
Exposure: Grow in moist but well-drained slightly acidic soil
Garden characteristics: Architectural or Low Maintenance

Autumn is amazing!

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Euphorbia milii AGM


Euphorbia can be annuals, perennials, shrubs or succulents, with milky sap and small flowers held within cupped, often colourful bracts

E. milii is a more or less evergreen shrub to 1m, with thorny, succulent branches, leathery obovate leaves and axillary clusters of very small yellow flowers with showy, bright red bracts

Common Name: crown of thorns
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Color flower: Red and Yellow in Summer
Hardiness: H1b (heated greenhouse – subtropical)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 6
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a mix of three parts loam based potting compost to one part grit in full light.Water sparingly when in growth applying a low nitrogen liquid fertiliser monthly. Keep dry in winter
Garden characteristics: Sub-tropical, Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants

Salvia coccinea


Salvia can be annuals, biennials, herbaceous or evergreen perennials, or shrubs. They have paired, simple or pinnately lobed, often aromatic leaves and 2-lipped flowers in whorls, forming simple or branched spikes or racemes

S. coccinea is a tender annual to 75cm tall, with oval or heart-shaped leaves and whorls of bright scarlet flowers forming a spike to 30cm long, from summer to autumn

Common Name: scarlet sage
Family: Lamiaceae
Color flower: Red in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: H3 (half hardy – unheated greenhouse/mild winter)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Cut back after flowering
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1 year
Exposure: Grow in moderately fertile, light, well-drained, slightly acid, sandy soil in full sun or partial shade
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Patio/Container Plants or Wall-side Borders