Category Archives: Cactus/Succulent

Gymnocalycium baldianum AGM


Gymnocalycium can be spherical or cylindrical cacti, with ribs divided into rounded, spiny tubercles, and funnel-shaped flowers in early summer

G. baldianum is a cactus with solitary, flattened-globose stems with 9-11 tubercled ribs and bristle-like radial spines. Funnel-shaped flowers 4cm across are deep pink to crimson in summer

Common Name: dwarf chin cactus
Family: Cactaceae
Color flower: Pink and Red in Summer
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: mealybugs may be a problem
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 5-10 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a standard cactus compost, in bright, filtered light, with good ventilation. When in growth water moderately and feed every two or three weeks with a balanced liquid feed. Keep almost dry in the winter
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Echinopsis backebergii subsp. backebergii


Echinopsis can have spherical or cylindrical, heavily ribbed and spiny stems, with funnel-shaped flowers in spring or summer

E. backebergii subsp. backebergii is a cactus with solitary or clustered, deeply ribbed, globose stems to 5cm across, bearing brown to grey spines; flowers up to 9cm across, carmine-red to violet with a paler centre

Common Name: Backeberg echinopsis
Family: Cactaceae
Color flower: Purple and Red in Spring and Summer
Hardiness: old H1 (requires heated greenhouse/indoors)
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Susceptible to mealybugs
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a loam-based potting compost with added extra grit. Water moderately when in growth, sparingly when dormant. Apply a balanced liquid fertiliser 2 or 3 times in the growing season
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Agave americana ‘Mediopicta’ (v) AGM


Agave can be perennial or monocarpic succulents, forming rosettes of usually rigid, fleshy, spiny-edged leaves, with funnel-shaped flowers in racemes or panicles often much taller than the rosettes

‘Mediopicta’ is a succulent evergreen perennial to 1.5m, forming rosettes of spiny-edged, grey-green leaves, each with a central, creamy-yellow stripe. Rarely flowers

Common Name: century plant ‘Mediopicta’
Family: Asparagaceae
Color flower: Pale Green in Summer
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Green, Grey/Silver and Yellow in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 1-1.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by scale insects
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a standard cactus compost, in bright, filtered light. When in growth water moderately and feed every two or three weeks with a balanced liquid feed. Keep almost dry in the winter
Garden characteristics: Architectural, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Gravel Garden or Mediterranean Climate Plants

Cleretum bellidiforme


C. bellidiformis is a low-growing succulent annual with grey-green papillose leaves and daisy-like flowers 2.5cm across in shades of pink, purple, cream, orange and yellow

Common Name: Livingstone daisy
Family: Aizoaceae
Color flower: Cream, Orange, Pink, Purple or Yellow in Summer
Hardiness: old H3 (may need winter protection)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Mat forming
Habit: May be attacked by aphids, slugs and snails
Pruning: Cut back after flowering
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Grow in well-drained, low fertility soil in full sun
Garden characteristics: Banks and Slopes, Gravel Garden, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Garden Edging, Mediterranean Climate Plants or Patio/Container Plants

Pleiospilos bolusii AGM


Pleiospilos are small, stemless, succulent perennials mostly with one or two pairs of very fleshy, grey-green leaves united at the base, and daisy-like yellow or orange flowers, sometimes coconut-scented, in late summer and autumn

P. bolusii is a succulent perennial to 5cm in height, with a pair of very thick triangular grey-green leaves to 7cm in length, and fragrant, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers to 8cm across

Common Name: mimicry plant
Family: Aizoaceae
Color flower: Yellow in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Clump-forming
Habit: Aphids may be a problem
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a standard cactus compost, in bright, filtered light. When in growth water sparingly but regularly and feed every two or three weeks with a low nitrogen liquid feed. Keep dry in the winter
Garden characteristics: Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants

Conophytum flavum AGM


Conophytum are dwarf succulent perennials forming clumps of “bodies” comprising a pair of very fleshy leaves, united in the lower part, with solitary daisy-like flowers appearing from the central fissure; the leaves usually shrivel after flowering

C. flavum is a succulent perennial forming a clump of paired, partially united greyish leaves, with solitary pale to deep brown flowers in autumn

Common Name: yellow cone plant
Family: Aizoaceae
Color flower: Brown and Pale Brown in Autumn
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by aphids
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a mixture of two parts each sharp sand and loam and one part leaf mould, in full light. Provide low humidity. Water sparingly when in growth and keep completely dry at other times. No additional fertilizer is needed
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Conophytum obcordellum


Conophytum are dwarf succulent perennials forming clumps of “bodies” comprising a pair of very fleshy leaves, united in the lower part, with solitary daisy-like flowers appearing from the central fissure; the leaves usually shrivel after floweringC. obcordellum is a mat-forming succulent with greyish, ellipsoid leaf-pairs and white flowers 1.5cm across in late summer
Common Name: obcordellate cone plant
Family: Aizoaceae
Color flower: White in Summer
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by aphids
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a mixture of two parts each sharp sand and loam and one part leaf mould, in full light. Provide low humidity. Water sparingly when in growth and keep completely dry at other times. No additional fertilizer is needed
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Lithops pseudotruncatella AGM


Lithops are nearly stemless, succulent perennials forming bodies composed of a pair of very fleshy leaves, the flattish tips bearing translucent dots or patches; daisy-like flowers emerge from the fissure between the leaves

L. pseudotruncatella is a clump-forming succulent perennial with paired pale buff leaves veined and mottled with olive-brown on the tips. Yellow flowers 4cm across open in late summer and autumn

Common Name: truncate living stone
Family: Aizoaceae
Color flower: Yellow in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Pale Brown in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Clump-forming
Habit: Susceptible to aphids and mealybugs
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 5-10 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a standard cactus compost with added leaf mould, in bright, filtered light, with good ventilation. When in growth water moderately and feed every two or three weeks with a balanced liquid feed. Keep almost dry in the winter
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants