Category Archives: Shrub

Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ AGM


Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

‘Mops’ is a slow-growing evergreen conifer making a medium-sized shrub of bushy, rounded habit, with slender, paired dark green needles up to 3cm in length

Common Name: dwarf mountain pine ‘Mops’
Family: Pinaceae
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 20-50 years
Exposure: Grow in any well-drained soil. Looks good in a large rock garden
Garden characteristics: Drought Resistant, Architectural, Low Maintenance, Rock Garden or Coastal

Cuphea hyssopifolia AGM


Cuphea can be annuals, perennials or evergreen shrubs, often with sticky hairs, opposite, simple leaves and tubular flowers with a showy calyx and small petals

C. hyssopifolia is a compact, bushy spreading evergreen shrub to 45cm in height, with small, lance-shaped dark green leaves and small clusters of light purple, pink or white flowers 1cm across

Common Name: false heather
Family: Lythraceae
Color flower: Pink, Purple or White in Autumn or Summer
Hardiness: H1c (heated greenhouse – warm temperate)
Color foliage: Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.1-0.5 metres
Habit: Spreading / Branched
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 10 in spring if needed
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 5-10 years
Exposure: Best grown in well-drained soil in a sheltered site in sun or partial shade but shade from hot sun. Alternatively grow in a pot under glass or as a houseplant
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Flower borders and beds, Wall-side Borders or Patio/Container Plants

Justicia rizzinii AGM


Justicia can be evergreen perennials or shrubs, with simple leaves and spikes or clusters of tubular, 2-lipped flowers often with conspicuous bracts

J. rizzinii is a bushy evergreen shrub to 60cm in height, with small, ovate, dark green leaves and small nodding clusters of tubular, yellow and scarlet flowers 2cm in length over a long period from late autumn to early spring

Common Name: Brazilian fuchsia
Family: Acanthaceae
Color flower: Red and Yellow in Winter
Hardiness: H1b (heated greenhouse – subtropical)
Color foliage: Dark Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by glasshouse red spider mite and glasshouse whitefly
Pruning: Pruning group 9
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 5-10 years
Exposure: Grow under glass or in a frost-free enviroment. Pinch out tips to promote compact plants. Best replaced when they become leggy
Garden characteristics: Mediterranean Climate Plants or Patio/Container Plants

Senna artemisioides AGM


Senna can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs , trees or perennials with pinnate leaves and terminal or axillary racemes, corymbs or panicles of usually yellow, bowl-shaped, 5-petalled flowers

S. artemisioides is an evergreen shrub to 2m in height, with downy grey-green leaves divided into linear leaflets, and axillary racemes of fragrant yellow or pale yellow flowers 1cm across, borne sporadically all year round

Common Name: wormwood senna
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Color flower: Yellow in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Hardiness: H1c (heated greenhouse – warm temperate)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 1.5-2.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 1
Spreadid: East-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a loam-based compost in full light with moderate humidity. Grow outdoors in moist but well-drained fertile in full sun in protected frost-free area
Garden characteristics: Low Maintenance or Patio/Container Plants

Berberis ‘Georgei’ AGM


Berberis can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with spiny shoots bearing simple, often spine-toothed leaves, and small yellow or orange flowers in axillary clusters or racemes, followed by small berries

‘Georgei’ is a deciduous shrub with arching branches bearing toothed, elliptic leaves which colour well in autumn. Pendent racemes of small yellow flowers in late spring are followed by deep red berries

Common Name: barberry ‘Georgei’
Family: Berberidaceae
Color flower: Yellow in Spring
Hardiness: H5 (hardy – cold winter)
Color foliage: Green in Spring and SummerOrange and Red in Autumn
Height: 1.5-2.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 2
Spreadid: East-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grows in any well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade
Garden characteristics: Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Hedging/Screens or Low Maintenance

Helianthemum ‘Amy Baring’ AGM


Helianthemum are bushy or spreading evergreen shrubs with small paired leaves and saucer-shaped flowers borne in short racemes in spring and early summer

‘Amy Baring’ is a low-growing evergreen shrub forming spreading mats to 12cm high, with narrow elliptic leaves. Flowers single, deep yellow with an orange centre, borne in racemes from late spring

Common Name: rock rose ‘Amy Baring’
Family: Cistaceae
Color flower: Orange and Dark Yellow in Spring and Summer
Hardiness: H4 (hardy – average winter)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Mat forming
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 10, after flowering
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 5-10 years
Exposure: Grow in fertile, neutral to alkaline, moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Suitable for rock garden or the front of a border, or as a ground cover on a sunny bank
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Garden Edging, Gravel Garden, Patio/Container Plants, Rock Garden or Banks and Slopes

Erica × darleyensis ‘Arthur Johnson’ AGM


Erica can be prostrate or erect, evergreen shrubs with fine, needle-like leaves in whorls, and racemes or panicles of small, bell-shaped or tubular flowers

‘Arthur Johnson’ is a vigorous spreading dwarf evergreen shrub to 60cm, with cream-tipped spring foliage and long racemes of magenta-pink flowers in winter and spring

Common Name: heath ‘Arthur Johnson’
Family: Ericaceae
Color flower: Pink in Spring and Winter
Hardiness: H6 (hardy – very cold winter)
Color foliage: Cream and Green in SpringGreen in Autumn, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Mat forming
Habit: Generally pest free
Pruning: Pruning group 10
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow in well-drained acidic soil in full sun
Garden characteristics: Banks and Slopes, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Garden Edging, Patio/Container Plants, Rock Garden, Ground Cover or Low Maintenance

Weigela ‘Praecox Variegata’ (v) AGM


Weigela are bushy deciduous shrubs with simple, ovate leaves and small clusters of funnel-shaped white, yellow, pink or red flowers on short side shoots in late spring and summer

‘Praecox Variegata’ is a small, upright deciduous shrub with ovate, mid-green leaves broadly edged with creamy-white. Slightly fragrant, funnel-shaped rose-pink flowers are blotched yellow within

Common Name: weigela ‘Praecox Variegata’
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Color flower: Pink and Yellow in Spring and Summer
Hardiness: H6 (hardy – very cold winter)
Color foliage: Cream and Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 1-1.5 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: leaf and bud eelworms may be a problem
Pruning: Pruning group 2. Responds well to hard renovative pruning
Spreadid: East-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Easy to grow in most moist but well-drained fertile soils in sun or partial shade
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden or Flower borders and beds