Category Archives: Autumn

Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Golden Mop’


Chamaecyparis are evergreen trees, usually of narrowly ovoid or columnar outline, with much-branched sprays of small scale-like leaves, and small, globose cones; tiny red male cones are conspicuous in a few cultivars

‘Golden Mop’ is an evergreen dwarf conifer making a small, rounded shrub. Foliage golden-yellow, cord-like in short sprays

Common Name: sawara cypress ‘Golden Mop’
Family: Cupressaceae
Hardiness: H7 (very hardy)
Color foliage: Yellow in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Aphids may be a problem
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 10-20 years
Exposure: Grows well in moist but well-drained soil. Tolerant of chalk soils but prefers slightly acidic soil. Can scorch
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Gravel Garden, Low Maintenance, Patio/Container Plants or Rock Garden

Autumn is amazing!

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Fuchsia ‘Pink Marshmallow’


Fuchsia can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees, rarely perennials, with opposite or whorled leaves and usually pendent flowers with conspicuous tubular calyx, 4 spreading sepals and 4 erect petals

‘Pink Marshmallow’ is a lax deciduous shrub with large serrated leaves and very large double flowers, with long pale pink tube, reflexed, green-tipped pale pink sepals, and pink-veined white petals

Common Name: fuchsia ‘Pink Marshmallow’
Family: Onagraceae
Color flower: White, Pale Green and Pale Pink in Autumn and Summer
Hardiness: H4 (hardy – average winter)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Aphids, capsid bug and vine weevil may cause problems
Pruning: Pruning group 6
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Under glass can be grown in either a loam-based or loam-less potting compost in bright filtered light with moderate humidity and good ventilation. When in growth apply a liquid balanced fertiliser monthly. Keep just moist over winter. Overwinter indoors
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants

Autumn Fairy… Wonderful

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Cyclamen cilicium f. album


Cyclamen are tuberous perennials with rounded, sometimes angular, leaves which are often attractively mottled. The nodding, characteristically shaped flowers have 5 reflexed and twisted petals, often with dark markings at the base

C. cilicium f. album is a small tuberous perennial with heart-shaped leaves mottled with silver, and nodding white flowers 2cm long in autumn

Common Name: white Cilician cyclamen
Family: Primulaceae
Color flower: White in Autumn
Hardiness: old H4 (hardy)
Color foliage: Green and Grey/Silver in
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Mice and squirrels may be a problem; vine weevil can attack pot-grown plants
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: South-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Plant 5cm deep in moderately fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil. Avoid excessive summer moisture and mulch well when leaves wither
Garden characteristics: City/Courtyard Gardens, Cottage/Informal Garden, Gravel Garden, Patio/Container Plants, Rock Garden or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs

Chrysanthemum ‘Salmon Talbot Parade’


Chrysanthemum are erect woody-based perennials with aromatic, pinnately lobed leaves and flowerheads of diverse form, from late summer to late autumn

Reflexed, Early flowering Outdoor Spray chrysanthemums are upright plants with medium-sized, fully double flowerheads, the florets curved outwards from the centre, flowering in late summer and autumn

‘Salmon Talbot Parade’ is a half-hardy perennial, with 8cm in width, light bronze flowers tinged with light yellow; reverse creamy-yellow

Common Name: chrysanthemum ‘Salmon Talbot Parade’
Family: Asteraceae
Color flower: Pale Bronze and Pale Yellow in Autumn
Hardiness: H3 (half hardy – unheated greenhouse/mild winter)
Color foliage: Green in Autumn, Spring and Summer
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Bushy
Habit: Aphids and leaf miners are common pests. Leaf and bud eelworms can damage stock that has not been heat-treated. Earwigs sometimes damage blooms. Capsid bug and glasshouse red spider mite are occasional pests
Pruning: Cut back to near ground level in the autumn, before lifting and storing for the winter
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 1-2 years
Exposure: Grow in a sheltered site in full sun in fertile well-drained soil, enriched with organic matter and general purpose fertiliser. Water freely in dry weather. Pinching out the growing tip when the plants are 15-20cm tall to encourage free flowering bushy plants. Staking is usually required. There is no need to deadhead. In mild areas leave in the ground protected by a thick mulch. Elsewhere lift the crowns and store in a greenhouse, raising fresh plants from these each year
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds or Cut Flowers

Helleborus argutifolius


Helleborus can be rhizomatous, herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials forming a clump of pedate basal leaves, or evergreen with erect, leafy stems. Large, bowl-shaped flowers are borne in loose clusters in late winter or spring

H. argutifolius is an evergreen perennial to 1m with stout stems bearing leaves composed of three spiny-toothed dark green leaflets. Bowl-shaped, nodding, pale green flowers 4-5cm in width are borne in large open clusters

Common Name: holly-leaved hellebore
Family: Ranunculaceae
Color flower: Pale Green in Spring and Winter
Hardiness: H5 (hardy – cold winter)
Color foliage: Dark Green in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: 0.5-1 metres
Habit: Clump-forming
Habit: Prone to hellebore aphid and snails
Pruning: Remove faded or damaged foliage as the flowers appear
Spreadid: West-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Thrives in neutral to alkaline soils that are moist, fertile and humus-rich. Partial shade is ideal but can tolerate full sun. Provide shelter from strong, cold winds. Mulch annually in autumn
Garden characteristics: Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Cut Flowers or Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs

Echeveria derenbergii – magic rose in stone garden


Echeveria can be evergreen succulent perennials or subshrubs with rosettes of colourful, fleshy leaves and racemes or panicles of urn-shaped flowers

E. derenbergii is an evergreen succulent with rosettes of obovate, whitish-green leaves and one-sided racemes of small cup-shaped red and yellow flowers opening from late winter to summer

Common Name: painted lady
Family: Crassulaceae
Color flower: Red and Yellow in Spring, Summer and Winter
Hardiness: H2 (tender – cool or frost-free greenhouse)
Color foliage: Green and White in Autumn, Spring, Summer and Winter
Height: Up to 10 cm
Habit: Bushy
Habit: May be attacked by mealybugs, vine weevil and aphids
Pruning: No pruning required
Spreadid: North-facing
Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years
Exposure: Grow under glass in a standard cactus compost, in full light. Provide low humidity. Water freely when in growth and keep just moist at other times. Apply a dilute low nitrogen fertilizer fortnightly during late spring and summer. Keep almost dry in the winter. Stand plants outside during the summer months
Garden characteristics: Patio/Container Plants